Biology Questions and Answers – Environmental Issues – Water Pollution and its Control – 2

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This set of Biology Aptitude Test for Pharmacy Entrance Exams focuses on “Environmental Issues – Water Pollution and its Control – 2”.

1. What should be the amount of BOD in the drinking water?
a) More than 1 ppm
b) Less than 1 ppm
c) 5 ppm
d) 10 ppm
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: The amount of biological oxygen demand in pure drinking water should be less than 1 ppm. Less amount of BOD means more amount of dissolved oxygen (DO) is present in water. This DO is essential for the proper growth of organisms.
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2. What amount of BOD indicates high water pollution?
a) 4000mg/liter
b) 400mg/liter
c) 40mg/liter
d) 4mg/liter
View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: BOD is the dissolved oxygen is utilized by microbes in decomposing the organic wastes of water. When the amount of BOD is more than equal to 4000mg/liter, it indicates high water pollution.

3. What amount of BOD indicates low water pollution?
a) 4000mg/liter
b) 1500mg/liter
c) 2000mg/liter
d) 15000mg/liter
View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) is the dissolved oxygen. It is utilized for decomposing the organic wastes of water by the microbes. When the amount of BOD is 1500mg/liter, it indicates low water pollution.
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4. How much amount of dissolved oxygen does gravely polluted water consists of?
a) 20 ppm
b) 8 ppm
c) Above 4 ppm
d) Below 4 ppm
View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: The water with the maximum amount of pollution is known as gravely polluted water. The dissolved oxygen does gravely polluted water is below 4 ppm. Very few aquatic animals can survive in this water.

5. What is the reason for the increase in the BOD?
a) Planting trees
b) Collecting of sewage water
c) Dumping of sewage in the water
d) Cleaning of water
View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: BOD is the dissolved oxygen is utilized by microbes in decomposing the organic wastes of water. The BOD increases when a large amount of sewage is dumped into the water. This lowers the dissolved oxygen content in water.
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Manish Bhojasia - Founder & CTO at Sanfoundry
Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He is Linux Kernel Developer & SAN Architect and is passionate about competency developments in these areas. He lives in Bangalore and delivers focused training sessions to IT professionals in Linux Kernel, Linux Debugging, Linux Device Drivers, Linux Networking, Linux Storage, Advanced C Programming, SAN Storage Technologies, SCSI Internals & Storage Protocols such as iSCSI & Fiber Channel. Stay connected with him @ LinkedIn | Youtube | Instagram | Facebook | Twitter