Analog Electronic Circuits Questions and Answers – Types of Diode and their Testing

This set of Analog Circuits Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Types of Diode and their Testing”.

1. Which of the following equipment can’t be used to check the condition of a diode?
a) Digital Display Meter
b) Ohmmeter
c) Curve Tracer
d) CRO

Explanation: All the methods may be used to test a diode for its proper functioning except CRO.

2. What is the expected reading obtained on a Digital Display Meter with diode-checking function when a proper functioning silicon semiconductor diode is connected across its leads in the forward bias configuration?
a) 0.67 V
b) 0.3 V
c) Open Loop Indication
d) Varies with the diode

Explanation: The diode checking function on the meter when used causes a current of 2 mA to flow through the diode and hence under forward bias, the voltage is determined to be 0.67 V. Germanium diodes show a drop around 0.3V.

3. What is the expected reading obtained on a Digital Display Meter with diode-checking function when a proper functioning silicon semiconductor diode is connected across its leads in the reverse bias configuration?
a) 0.67 V
b) 0.3 V
c) Open Loop Indication
d) Varies with the diode

Explanation: The diode checking function on the meter when used causes a current of 2 mA to flow through the diode and hence under reverse bias, the result obtained is the open loop indication.

4. A diode on being checked by a DDM with diode checking function results in an open loop indication in both directions. Which of the following is the correct inference drawn from the given situation?
a) Power failure to the DDM
b) Diode is faulty
c) Diode is proper
d) Device isn’t connected properly

Explanation: A diode allows electrical conduction in just one direction. Hence, if an instrument shows an open loop indication in both the directions, then the diode is faulty.

5. A silicon semiconductor diode when subjected to ohmmeter testing gives low resistance in both directions. Which of the following is the correct inference to be drawn?
a) Diode is faulty
b) Power failure to the Ohmmeter
c) Diode is short-circuited
d) Diode is open circuited

Explanation: A proper diode gives a low resistance reading along one direction and high resistance reading along the other. Hence, if diode gives low resistance readings in both directions, then the diode must be short-circuited. It’s noteworthy that a faulty diode gives a high resistance reading along both paths.
Note: Join free Sanfoundry classes at Telegram or Youtube

6. A silicon semiconductor diode when subjected to ohmmeter testing gives high resistance in both directions. Which of the following is the correct inference to be drawn?
a) Diode is faulty
b) Power failure to the Ohmmeter
c) Diode is short-circuited
d) Diode is open circuited

Explanation: A proper diode gives a low resistance reading along one direction and high resistance reading along the other. Hence, if diode gives high resistance readings in both directions, then the diode must be faulty.

7. How can the location of the Zener region be controlled in the diode characteristic curve?
a) By changing the value of Iz
b) By changing the doping concentration of the diode
c) By changing the operating temperature
d) By increasing the size of diode

Explanation: An increase in doping will lead to an increase in the concentration of impurities, which would further lead to a change in VZ and hence change in the Zener region.

8. Which material is generally used for the manufacture of Zener diode?
a) Silicon
b) Germanium
c) Mercury
d) Arsenic

Explanation: Because of its high heat and current handling capacity, Silicon is generally used for the manufacture of Zener diodes.

9. Which of the following is not a part of the equivalent circuit of a Zener diode?
a) Dynamic Resistance
b) DC Battery
c) Ideal diode
d) Piecewise linear model of diode

Explanation: The equivalent circuit diagram of a Zener diode doesn’t involve an ideal diode as it is used under reverse bias and an ideal diode doesn’t conduct under reverse bias.

10. At 298 K, the nominal Zener voltage is found to be equal to 10 V. Given that the value of the temperature coefficient is 0.072 (%/K), what is the nominal Zener Voltage at 398 K?
a) 9.46 V
b) 9.54 V
c) 0.54 V
d) 10.54 V

Explanation: The change in VZ with temperature is calculated from the following equation:
Change in VZ = TC.VZ(T1 – T0))/1000
Change in VZ = 0.54 V
Now, as the value of T is positive, new VZ = 10 + 0.54 V = 10.54 V.

11. Which of the following materials is used to make LEDs?
a) Silicon
b) GaAsP
c) Germanium
d) Selenium

Explanation: In Silicon and Germanium, the major chunk of energy is given off as heat the hence the emitted light isn’t significant. In Gallium Arsenide Phosphide (GaAsP), the number of photons are enough to create a visual source of light.

12. Which of the following voltages may be considered as a safe and sufficient voltage for the operation of a LED?
a) 0.7 V
b) 5 V
c) 2.7 V
d) -5 V

Explanation: The safe and sufficient operating voltage range for LED is between 1.7 V to 3.3 V. Hence, 2.7 V is the best option.

13. What is the order of magnitude of the response time of LED?
a) 10-6
b) 10-9
c) 10-15
d) 10-3

Explanation: The response time of a LED is typically in the order of nanoseconds.

14. Which of the following is not an advantage of using a LED?
a) High response time
b) Compatibility with solid-state circuits
c) Rugged construction and high lifetime
d) No need for a heat sink in long run

Explanation: The response time of a LED is typically in the order of nanoseconds. The operating voltage range for LED is between 1.7 V to 3.3 V which makes it compatible with solid-state circuits. Also, the semiconductor construction makes them rugged. However, in the long run, an adequate heat sink is required for longevity.

15. A LED will glow if connected under reverse bias configuration.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: A Light Emitting Diode works just like any other diode and hence it does not conduct under reverse bias operation and hence the LED will not glow.

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – Analog Circuits.

To practice all areas of Analog Circuits, here is complete set of 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions and Answers.

If you find a mistake in question / option / answer, kindly take a screenshot and email to [email protected]