1. The average 24 hours volume at the given area over a year is known as _______
a) average annual daily traffic
b) average daily traffic
c) thirtieth highest hourly volume
d) average annual weekday traffic

Explanation: Average annual daily traffic (AADT) is the average 24 hours volume at the given area over a year. It is the total number of evictees crossing a section in a year divided by 365.

2. Why are traffic forecasts often does in terms of AADTs based on forecasting models?
a) AADTs are more stable than hourly volumes
b) Hourly volumes are more stable than hourly volume

Explanation: Traffic forecasts often do in terms of AADTs based on forecasting models because AADTs are more stable than hourly volumes and hence their projections are more reliable.

3. What is Directional Design Hour Volume (DDHV)?
a) AADTs converted to a peak-hour volume in the peak direction of flow
b) ADTs converted to a peak-hour volume in the peak direction of flow
c) Hourly volumes converted to a peak-hour volume in the peak direction of flow
d) Weekly volumes converted to a peak-hour volume in the peak direction of flow

Explanation: Directional Design Hour Volume (DDHV) is AADTs converted to a peak-hour volume in the peak direction of flow. DDHV is found using the relationship,
where,
DDHV=Directional Design Hour Volume
K=proportion of daily traffic occurring during the peak hour
D=proportion of peak hour traffic traveling in the peak direction of flow

4. What does K factor represent in the relationship DDHV=AADTxKxD?
a) The proportion of AADT occurring during the 30th peak hour
b) The proportion of ADT occurring during the 30th peak hour
c) The proportion of hourly volume occurring during the 30th peak hour
d) The proportion of weekly occurring during the 30th peak hour

Explanation: K factor represent the proportion of AADT occurring during the 30th peak hour in the relationship DDHV=AADTxKxD. 30th peak hour is the hourly volume that is exceeded only 29 times a year.

5. The K factor in the relationship DDHV=AADTxKxD increases with increasing development density.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: The statement “K factor in the relationship DDHV=AADTxKxD increases with increasing development density” is false. The correct statement is “K factor in the relationship DDHV=AADTxKxD declines with increasing development density”. The traffic volume in high-density development area is greater than traffic volume in low-density area.
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6. K and D values from the relationship DDHV=AADTxKxD are based on which characteristics?
a) Local characteristics
b) National characteristics
c) Terrain characteristics
d) Area characteristics

Explanation: K and D values from the relationship DDHV=AADTxKxD are based on Local characteristics. State highway departments monitor theses proportions and publish appropriate values in various areas in the state.

7. The average 24 hours volume at the given location for less than a year is called.
a) Average annual daily traffic
b) Average daily traffic
c) Thirtieth highest hourly volume
d) Average annual weekday traffic

Explanation: Average daily traffic (ADT) is the average 24 hours volume at the given location for less than a year. It is collected for 6 months, a season, a month, a week, or 2 days.

8. Radial routes have higher D values than circumferential routes.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: The statement “Radial routes have higher D values than circumferential routes” is true. Radial routes have movements in an out of central cities while circumferential routes have movements going around areas of central cities.

9. The D factor tends to be ______
a) more variable
b) more stable
c) less variable
d) less stable

Explanation: The D factor tends to be more variable than the K factor. The D factor is affected by a number of factors. D factors tend to decrease as development density increases.

10. How is planning analysis initiated?
a) With the conversion of AADT to DDHV
b) With the conversion of ADT to DDHV
c) With the conversion of hourly volume to DDHV
d) With the conversion of weekly volume to DDHV

Explanation: Planning analysis is initiated with the conversion of AADT to DDHV. The relationship DDHV=AADTxKxD is used in this process. The free-flow speed of the area is determined by Planning analysis.

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