Surveying Questions and Answers

Surveying Interview Questions and Answers

Our 1000+ Surveying questions and answers focuses on all areas of Surveying subject covering 100+ topics in Surveying. These topics are chosen from a collection of most authoritative and best reference books on Surveying. One should spend 1 hour daily for 2-3 months to learn and assimilate Surveying comprehensively. This way of systematic learning will prepare anyone easily towards Surveying interviews, online tests, examinations and certifications.


– 1000+ Multiple Choice Questions & Answers in Surveying with explanations
– Every MCQ set focuses on a specific topic in Surveying Subject

Who should Practice these Surveying Questions?
– Anyone wishing to sharpen their knowledge of Surveying Subject
– Anyone preparing for aptitude test in Surveying
– Anyone preparing for interviews (campus/off-campus interviews, walk-in interview and company interviews)
– Anyone preparing for entrance examinations and other competitive examinations
– All – Experienced, Freshers and Students


Here’s list of Questions & Answers on Surveying Subject covering 100+ topics:

1. Questions & Answers on Introduction to Surveying

The section contains questions and answers on surveying definitions and classification, linear measurement accessories and methods, chain folding, unfolding, degree of accuracy, magnetic bearing, chaining errors and mistakes, well conditioned triangle, chain survey and plotting equipments, survey station selection, field work procedure and conventional symbols.

Classification of Surveying
Methods of Linear Measurement
Accessories For Linear Measurement – 1
Accessories For Linear Measurement – 2
Chain Folding, Unfolding, Adjustment, Degree of Accuracy – 1
Chain Folding, Unfolding, Adjustment, Degree of Accuracy – 2
Magnetic Bearing
Errors and Mistakes in Chaining
Well Conditioned Triangle
Equipments for Chain Survey
Equipments for Plotting
Selection of Survey Stations
Procedure of Field Work
Conventional Symbols

2. Questions on Chain Surveying & The Compass

The section contains questions on chain triangulation, chaining obstacles, bearings and angles, magnetic declination, prismatic and surveyor’s compass.

Chain Triangulation
Obstacles in Chaining
Bearings and Angles
Prismatic Compass
Surveyor’s Compass
Magnetic Declination

3. Questions & Answers on Compass Traversing & Traverse Surveying

The section contains questions and answers on compass traversing principle and errors, traversing by fast needle method, angles observation method, consecutive coordinates, traverse balancing, accuracy degree in traversing and compass types.

Principle of Compass Traversing
Errors in Compass Traversing
Traversing by Fast Needle Method
Traversing by Direct Observation of Angles
Consecutive Co-ordinates: Latitude And Departure
Degree of Accuracy in Traversing
Balancing the Traverse

4. Questions on Levelling

The section contains questions on levelling methods, surveying telescope, spirit levelling theory, balancing backsights, foresights, curvature, refraction, reciprocal levelling, levelling errors, precision degree, stadia method, levelling reduction and types.

Methods of Levelling
The Surveying Telescope
Theory of Direct Levelling (Spirit Levelling)
Balancing Backsights and Foresights
Curvature and Refraction
Reciprocal Levelling
Errors in Levelling
Degree of Precision
Types of Levelling
Stadia Method
Reduction in Levelling

5. Questions & Answers on Contouring

The section contains questions and answers on contouring methods and characteristics, contour maps uses, contours interpolation and gradient.

Methods and Characteristics
Characteristics of Contours
Interpolation of Contours
Contour Gradient
Uses of Contour Maps

6. Questions on The Theodolite & Theodolite Traversing

The section contains questions on transit theodolite, adjustment, measurement, traversing methods and errors, readings reduction, stadia tacheometry, closing error and its limitation, traverse area calculation and trigonometrical levelling.

Transit Theodolite
Traversing Methods
Reduction of Readings
Stadia Tacheometry
Closing Error and its Limitation
Computation of Latitude and Departure
Calculation of Traverse Area
Trigonometrical Levelling


7. Questions & Answers on Plane Table Surveying

The section contains questions and answers on accessories, plane tabling methods, graphic triangulation, two and three point problems, plane tabling errors, resection method, errors and precaution.

Plane Table Surveying Accessories
Methods of Plane Tabling
Graphic Triangulation
Three Point Problem
Two Point Problem
Errors in Plane Tabling
Resection Method
Errors and Precaution

8. Questions on Calculation of Area, Measurement of Volume & Permanent Adjustments of Levels

The section contains questions on area calculation by planimeter, coordinates and double meridian distances, prismoidal formula and corrections, dumpy levels adjustment, trapezoidal formula and curvature correction.

Area by Double Meridian Distances
Area by Co-ordinates
Area by Planimeter
The Prismoidal Formula
The Trapezoidal Formula
The Prismoidal Correction
The Curvature Correction
Adjustments of Dumpy Level

9. Questions & Answers on Area Computation & Tacheometric Surveying

The section contains questions and answers on ordinate rule, simpsons rule, stadia and subtense method principles.

Ordinate Rule
Simpson’s Rule
Principle of Stadia Method
Principle of Subtense Method

10. Questions on EDM

The section contains questions on electromagnetic waves, edm instruments, modulation and total station.

Electromagnetic Waves
Types of EDM Instruments
Total Station


11. Questions & Answers on Curve Surveying

The section contains questions and answers on curve designation, simple curves, long chord ordinates, tangent offsets, successive bisection of arcs or chords, rankine’s method, reverse curve elements, ideal transition curve, compound curve elements and settings.

Designation of Curve
Setting out Simple Curves
By Ordinates of the Long Chord
By Successive Bisection of Arcs or Chords
By Offsets from the Tangent
By Deflection Distances
Rankine’s Method of Tangential Angles
Elements of a Compound Curve
Setting out Compound Curve
Elements of a Reverse Curve
The Ideal Transition Curve

12. Questions on Triangulation

The section contains questions on triangulation system classification, reconnaissance, base line measurement, satellite station, signals and towers.

Classification of Triangulation System
Signals and Towers
Base Line Measurement
Satellite Station: Reduction to Centre

13. Questions & Answers on Survey Adjustments and Theory of Errors

The section contains questions and answers on accidental errors, least square principles, weight laws, normal equations, correlates method and values determination.

The Laws of Accidental Errors
General Principles of Least Squares
Laws of Weights
Normal Equations
Determination of the Most Probable Values
Method of Correlates

14. Questions on Field Astronomy

The section contains questions on celestial body position, astronomical triangle, coordinates relation, time conversions, sextant, astronomical corrections and zenith telescope.

Position of a Celestial Body
The Astronomical Triangle
Relation Between the Co-ordinates
Conversion of Time
Astronomical Corrections
Zenith Telescope

15. Questions & Answers on Photogrammetric Surveying

The section contains questions and answers on photo theodolite, terrestrial and aerial photogrammetry, aerial camera, vertical and tilted photograph scale, stereoscopic vision, aerial stereoscopic views, tilt distortion or displacement.

The Photo-Theodolite
Terrestrial Photogrammetry
Aerial Photogrammetry
Aerial Camera
Scale of a Vertical Photograph
Scale of a Tilted Photograph
Tilt Distortion or Tilt Displacement
Flight Planning for Aerial Photography
Stereoscopic Vision
Parallax in Aerial Stereoscopic Views

16. Questions on Remote Sensing

The section contains questions on idealized remote sensing system, remote sensing principles, sensors, solar radiation characteristics, em radiation interactions, electromagnetic energy and spectrum.

Idealized Remote Sensing System
Basic Principles of Remote Sensing
Electromagnetic Energy
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Characteristics of Solar Radiation
Interaction of EM Radiation with Earth’s Surface

17. Questions & Answers on Geographic Information System (GIS) & Topographic Maps

The section contains questions and answers on four m’s, gis components and errors, topology, projection systems and cim series.

The Four M’s
Components of a GIS
Errors in GIS
The Projection Systems
CIM Series

18. Questions on Global Positioning System (GPS)

The section contains questions on operational control segment, position determination principles, user position calculations, satellite determination, gps surveying techniques and accuracy.

Operational Control Segment (OCS)
Principle of Position Determination
Determining Satellite to User Range
Calculation of User Position
GPS Surveying Techniques
GPS Accuracy

19. Questions & Answers on Hydrographic Survey

The section contains questions and answers on hydrographic survey basics, marine survey, rain and river gauging.

Introduction to Hydrographic Survey
Rain Gauging
River Gauging
Marine Survey

20. Questions on Project Survey

The section contains questions on surveys like railway project, road project and flow irrigation surveys, airport survey, topographic survey, city and township survey, tunnelling, water supply and sanitary scheme, docks, harbours and port.

Railway Project Survey
Road Project Survey
Flow Irrigation Survey
Water Supply Scheme
Sanitary Scheme
Docks, Harbours and Port
Airport Survey
Topographic Survey
City and Township Surveying
If you would like to learn Surveying thoroughly, you should attempt to work on the complete set of questions and answers mentioned above. It will immensely help anyone trying to crack an exam or an interview.

Here’s the list of Best Reference Books in Surveying.

Wish you the best in your endeavor to learn and master Surveying!

Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 20+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He is Linux Kernel Developer & SAN Architect and is passionate about competency developments in these areas. He lives in Bangalore and delivers focused training sessions to IT professionals in Linux Kernel, Linux Debugging, Linux Device Drivers, Linux Networking, Linux Storage, Advanced C Programming, SAN Storage Technologies, SCSI Internals & Storage Protocols such as iSCSI & Fiber Channel. Stay connected with him @ LinkedIn