1. What is Railway Engineering?
a) Railway engineering deals with the design, construction, and operation of railway systems
b) Railway engineering deals with the design, construction, and operation of highway bridges
c) Railway engineering deals with the design, construction, and operation of road transportation
d) None of the mentioned
Explanation: Railway engineering is an engineering discipline dealing with the design, construction and operation of all types of rail transportation systems.
2. Which of the following are types of gauges present in Indian railways?
a) Broad gauge, standard gauge and metre gauge
b) Standard gauge, metre gauge and narrow gauge
c) Metre gauge, narrow gauge and 2 broad gauges
d) Broad gauge, metre gauge and 2 narrow gauges
Explanation: There are 4 different types of gauges in Indian railways namely: broad gauge, meter gauge and 2 narrow gauges. The sizes of these gauges are: Broad gauge – 1676 mm, Metre gauge – 1000 mm, Narrow gauge – 762 mm and Narrow gauge – 610 mm.
3. Which of the following is not a component of the rail?
Explanation: The rail consists of three parts, a head, a web and a foot. Ballast is a separate component which is not a part of the rail section.
4. Which of the following rail line is not a part of the “Mountain Railways of India”?
a) Lumding – Badarpur Railway
b) Kalka – Shimla Railway
c) Darjeeling Himalayan Railway
d) Nilgiri Mountain Railway
Explanation: The “Mountain Railways of India” consists of three rail lines namely: Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway and Kalka – Shimla Railway. These lines are narrow gauge and are not included in the Project Unigauge. They are included in the UNESCO World Heritage sites.
5. India’s first passenger train from BoriBunder (Mumbai) to Thane was run on which of the following gauge?
a) Metre gauge
b) Standard gauge
c) Broad gauge
d) Narrow gauge
Explanation: On 16th April 1853, India’s first passenger train ran from BoriBunderto Thane on broad gauge track. It carried 400 passengers and covered a distance of 34 km. It consisted of 14 carriages and was hauled by 3 steam locomotives.
6. Which of the following is the most used ballast on Indian railways?
a) Coal ash ballast
b) Brickbat ballast
c) Broken stone ballast
d) Sand ballast
Explanation: Broken stone ballast is the most used ballast on Indian railways. It is economical in the long run and can be used for high speed tracks.
7. Which of the following is an advantage of railway transport?
a) Railways are the cheapest mode of transport compared with other modes of transports
b) Railways help a country’s industrialization process by easily transporting coal and raw materials at a lower rate
c) Railways make it easier to travel long distances and carry bulky goods that are not easily carried by motor vehicles
d) All of the mentioned
Explanation: Railway transport helps industrialization process easily by transporting coal and raw materials. Carrying capacity of the railways is extremely large and also cheapest mode of transport compared with other modes of transports.
8. Railway rails are made of _________
a) Cast iron
b) Mild steel
c) High carbon steel
d) Wrought iron
Explanation: Railway rails are made up of high carbon steel.
9. As per the Indian Railways, the maximum height and maximum width of the rolling stock for Broad Gauge (BG) is _____ mm and _____ mm respectively.
a) 3455 mm and 3250 mm
b) 4830 mm and 3600 mm
c) 4140 mm and 3250 mm
d) 3455 mm and 2745 mm
Explanation: According to the Indian Railways, the maximum height and maximum width of rolling stock for Broad Gauge (BG) is 4140 mm and 3250 mm respectively and for Metre Gauge (MG), the values are 3455 mm and 2745 mm. These dimensions should be strictly followed and maintained while designing the rolling stocks for Indian Railways.
10. What does alignment of a railway track mean?
a) Direction and position @ 50mm distance on either side of centerline of track
b) Direction and position of the centerline of track in vertical plane only
c) Direction and position of the centerline of track in horizontal plane only
d) Direction and position of the centerline of track in both horizontal and vertical planes
Explanation: In railway terminology, “Alignment” means the direction and position of the centerline of the railway track with respect to both horizontal and vertical planes. A proper alignment of the track will ensure the safety and comfort of the passengers.
11. Why the railway track is made resilient and elastic?
a) Easy fixing
b) It can be adjusted easily
c) So that it absorbs shocks
d) To make it economic
Explanation: The trains exert a lot of pressure on the tracks. They are made elastic and robust so that they can absorb these shocks and vibrations easily.
12. Which of the following is not an advantage of the wooden sleepers?
a) They can be used even without stone Ballast
b) They can be easily handled
c) They have less scrap value
d) They are cheap
Explanation: Wooden sleepers have advantages like less cost, easy handling and they can be used even without stone ballast. But their scrap value is almost negligible which is a disadvantage.
13. How is Rack railway system different from normal railway system?
a) They are made of different materials
b) Extra friction is provided in the two rails
c) It has an extra toothed rail
d) It is wider
Explanation: The rack railway system has a toothed rail in addition with the two usual rails. This creates an interlocking system between toothed rail and wheel of the locomotive.
14. Which of the following rail has been standardized for adoption on the Indian railways?
a) Combination of BH and DH
b) Flat footed
c) Double headed
d) Bull headed
Explanation: Flat footed rails great strength and provide lateral stability. They are much more economical and thus are standardised for usage on the Indian railways.
15. Which of the following is not a requirement of the design of the sleepers?
a) Bearing area should be sufficient
b) Maintenance cost should be minimum
c) Track circuiting should be possible
d) It should be fixed and removed easily
Explanation: The sleepers should be designed to have sufficient bearing area, easy handling and easy track circuiting. The maintenance cost is not a design criteria, but it is an important requirement of the sleepers.
16. The term “Rolling Stock” in Railways includes ________
a) Tracks and platforms
b) Wheels and sleepers
c) Sleepers, tracks, and gauges
d) Locomotives, coaches and wagons
Explanation: In Railways terminology, the term “Rolling Stock” includes locomotives, coaches and wagons or any vehicle that runs on rail tracks. It can include both powered and unpowered vehicles. The rolling stock can act as an engine (for eg. locomotive) or can be used to carry passengers (for eg. coaches) or can be used to carry goods (for eg. wagon).
17. At what angle should a railway line cross a road?
Explanation: A railway line should always cross a road at 90° angle, i.e. they should be perpendicular to each other. This is done so that the passing train is clearly visible to the road passengers, thus avoiding accidents.
18. Which of the following is the most important strategic reason for the construction of a new railway line?
a) For creating jobs
b) Because of absence of a railway line
c) To increase tourists
d) To make movement of defence forces easier in case of emergency
Explanation: In case of natural calamities like flood, earthquake or during threat of war, presence of a railway line is very important. It ensures fast movement of defence forces and relief material to the area.
19. Where are rail lubricators used?
a) On cast iron sleepers
b) On narrow gauges
c) On steep rails
d) On sharp curves
Explanation: Lateral wear at sharp curves is very high. Rail lubricators are used to lubricate the gauge face on the outer rail on sharp curves to reduce friction which subsequently reduces wear and tear.
20. Which of the following is not true about the CST-9 sleepers?
a) Very less lateral stability
b) Needs more attention
c) Limited strength to hold LWRs
d) Not suitable for mechanical maintenance with tie hammers
Explanation: The CST-9 sleepers provide considerably good stability. But requires constant attention.
21. What guides the train from one line of rail tracks to another?
Explanation: Turnout is a mechanism that enables the trains to move from one track to another. Fastenings are used to hold various components of the track together.
22. Which of the following ballast is used at points and crossings?
Explanation: At points and crossings small sized ballast is used because of its fineness for slight adjustments. Thus 25mm (1”) ballast is used.
23. Which of the following is not a cotter used on Indian Railways?
a) Empty end split cotter
b) Solid end split cotter
c) Centre split cotter
d) Side split cotter
Explanation: Cotters are used for fixing tie bars to CI sleepers. They are classified based on their methods of splitting. The four types of cotters used on Indian railways are; Centre split, Side split, Solid end split and Bent plate split cotter.
24. What is the range for ruling gradient adopted by the Indian railways in hilly terrain?
a) 1 in 150 to 1 in 250
b) 1 in 250 to 1 in 300
c) 1 in 100 to 1 in 150
d) 1 in 100 to 1 in 200
Explanation: The ruling gradient adopted by the Indian railways in hilly terrain can be from 1 in 100 to 1 in 150. For plain terrain it can be from 1 in 150 to 1 in 250.
25. Which of the following is an old method for track maintenance?
a) Beater packing
b) Mechanised maintenance
c) Directed track maintenance
d) Measured shovel packing
Explanation: Earlier manual maintenance of tracks by Beater packing was done. But after advancement in technology and increase in traffic modern methods are being used. These include measured shovel packing, mechanised maintenance and directed track maintenance.
26. What was the theory proposed by Zimmerman for the railway tracks?
a) Stresses are developed due to contact of rail and wheel
b) The track is also subjected to lateral load
c) The track is non elastic in nature
d) The track is an elastic structure
Explanation: Zimmerman in 1888 proposed a theory which said that the track is an elastic structure. The sleepers provide elastic support to the rails. This elastic nature of rail helps in absorbing shocks and vibrations from the train.
27. Which of the following method is used for the Tilting of rails?
a) Adzing the wooden sleepers or by providing canted bearing plates
b) Strain method
c) Providing canted bearing plates
d) Adzing the wooden sleepers
Explanation: Tilting of rails is necessary for reducing wear and tear in addition to the lateral stresses. For this Adzing the wooden sleepers or canted bearing plates can be used.
28. Which of the following type of fittings are used by Composite sleepers?
a) They do not require fittings
b) Rubber fastenings
c) Twice the strength of wooden sleepers
d) Similar to that of wooden sleepers
Explanation: Fastenings are required to hold the rail and the sleeper together. Composite sleepers show similarities with wooden sleepers. Thus they also have similar fittings.
29. What is the limit for inward tilt at rail seat?
a) 1 in 15 to 1 in 20
b) 1 in 15 to 1 in 25
c) 1 in 10 to 1 in 30
d) 1 in 20 to 1 in 25
Explanation: The limit for inward tilt at rail seat is from 1 in 15 to 1 in 25. The sleepers are termed defective otherwise.
30. Which of the following is not a requirement of a good ballast?
d) Wear resistant
Explanation: Ballast should not be rounded. It should generally be cubical having sharp edges. This is regarding the shear strength provided by the Ballast.
31. Which of the following is another name for Tongue rail?
a) Toe rail
b) Lead rail
c) Switch rail
d) Stock rail
Explanation: Tongue rail is a tapered and movable rail which is attached to a running at its thicker end. It is made up of high carbon or manganese steel to withstand wear and tear.
32. Which of the following can be used in case of Bridge joints?
a) Metal flat or Bridge plate
b) Extra sleepers
c) Metal flat
d) Bridge plate
Explanation: The sleepers on either side of a bridge joint are connected. For this purpose a metal flat or a corrugated plate also known as a Bridge plate is used. These joints are generally not used on Indian Railways.
33. Which is the formula for railexcess length which the inner rail gains over outer?
Explanation: The excess length which the inner rail gains over outer rail for a length L of the curve is the difference in circumference of outer and inner rail. It is given by 2πG, where G is the dynamic gauge.
34. What is the next step taken after the preliminary investigation of the rail line?
a) Testing of rail
c) Formation of ballast
d) Laying of rail lines
Explanation: After preliminary investigation it is important to know the gradients of the path on which rails are to be laid. The alignment, curves need to be calculated. For this purpose surveying is done after Preliminary investigation.
35. Which of the following is also known as another name of inner rail?
a) Gradient rail
b) Cant rail
c) Fixed rail
d) Slope rail
Explanation: Inner rail is also known as Gradient rail. It is taken as reference rail while determining superelevation and is normally maintained at its original level.
36. What purpose does a Jim Crow serves in track maintenance?
a) For digging out ballast
b) Squaring of sleepers
c) Removes rails
d) Removes kinks
Explanation: For Through packing examination of rails, sleepers and fastenings is done. The defective sleepers are removed and loose fastenings are tightened. A Jim Crow is used to remove any kinks if present in the rail.
37. Which of the following software cannot be used to design a railway track alignment?
c) Open Rail Designer
d) Trimble Quantm
Explanation: Primavera software is used for project planning and management. It cannot be used for design of rail track alignment. The Delhi Metro Rail Cooperation used the Open Rail Designer software to modify and finalize the design of its Phase 4 expansion project. Using the software, the designing team completed the alignment design of railway line within 3 months.
38. What is the position of the toothed rail in Rack rail system?
a) At a distance of 500mm from one rail
b) In the middle of the two rails
c) Can be placed anywhere
d) Connected with one of the rails
Explanation: The toothed rail is provided centrally in between the two regular rails. Placing of rail anywhere else can reduce precision. This will also lead to difficulty in manufacturing of toothed pinion wheels in locomotive.
Chapterwise Multiple Choice Questions on Railway Engineering
Our 1000+ MCQs focus on all topics of the Railway Engineering subject, covering 100+ topics. This will help you to prepare for exams, contests, online tests, quizzes, viva-voce, interviews, and certifications. You can practice these MCQs chapter by chapter starting from the 1st chapter or you can jump to any chapter of your choice. You can also download the PDF of Railway Engineering MCQs by applying below.
- Railway Track Gauge
- Alignment of Railway Lines
- Railway Engineering Surveys and Construction of New Railway Lines
- Railway Track and Track Stresses
- Railway Sleepers
- Ballast in Railway
- Subgrade and Formation
- Rack Fittings and Fastenings
- Creep of Rails & Geometric Design of Track
- Railway Curves and Superelevation
- Points and Crossings
- Rail Joint
- Railway Track Maintenance & Drainage
1. Railway Engineering MCQ on Railway Track Gauge
The section contains Railway Engineering multiple choice questions and answers on world railways gauges, indian railways gauges, gauge choice, indian railways unigauge policy, loading and construction gauges.
2. Railway Engineering Multiple Choice Questions on Alignment of Railway Lines
The section contains Railway Engineering questions and answers on good alignment importance and selection, ideal alignment basic requirements, mountain and rack railways.
3. Railway Engineering MCQ on Engineering Surveys and Construction of New Railway Lines
The section contains Railway Engineering MCQs on new railway line construction, preliminary investigations for a new railway line, traffic survey, reconnaissance and preliminary survey, final location survey and terrain modern surveying techniques.
4. Railway Engineering MCQ on Track and Track Stresses
The section contains Railway Engineering multiple choice questions and answers on good track requirements, permanent way maintenance, elastic structure track, track forces, wheels coning and rails tilting.
5. Railway Engineering MCQ on Rails
The section contains Railway Engineering questions and answers on rails function and types, ideal rail section requirements, rail manufacture, rail wear, rails defects, rail failure and rail flaw detection.
6. Railway Engineering MCQ on Sleepers
The section contains Railway Engineering MCQs on sleepers functions and requirements, sleepers density and spacing, sleepers types, wooden sleepers, steel channel and trough sleepers, cast iron and concrete sleepers.
7. Railway Engineering MCQ on Ballast
The section contains Railway Engineering multiple choice questions and answers on ballast functions and sizes, ballast types, good ballast requirements, ballast section design, track ballast collection, transportation and specifications, measurement methods and laboratory tests for ballast properties.
8. Railway Engineering MCQ on Subgrade and Formation
The section contains Railway Engineering questions and answers on formation slopes, earthwork execution in embankments and cuttings, blanket and blanketing material, railway embankment failures and site investigations.
9. Railway Engineering MCQ on Rack Fittings and Fastenings
The section contains Railway Engineering MCQs on rail-rail fastenings, wooden sleepers fittings, steel trough and ci sleepers fittings, elastic fastenings, fastenings testing, other fittings and fastenings.
10. Railway Engineering MCQ on Creep of Rails & Geometric Design of Track
The section contains Railway Engineering multiple choice questions and answers on creep development and causes, creep effects and measurements, creep adjuster, creep reduction measures, curves gradients and grade compensation.
11. Railway Engineering MCQ on Curves and Superelevation
The section contains Railway Engineering questions and answers on circular curves, superelevation, curves safe speed, transition curves, compound and reverse curves, extra clearance curves, vertical curves, curves realignment, curves cutting and gauge widening.
12. Railway Engineering MCQ on Points and Crossings
The section contains Railway Engineering MCQs on points and crossings important terms, tongue rails switches and design, crossing, worn out crossings, indian railways turnouts and trends, turnout layout, points and crossings inspection and maintenance.
13. Railway Engineering Multiple Choice Questions on Rail Joint
The section contains Railway Engineering multiple choice questions and answers on rail joint ill effect, ideal rail joint requirements, rail joint types and welding.
14. Railway Engineering MCQ on Track Maintenance & Drainage
The section contains Railway Engineering questions and answers on track maintenance advantages and essentials, rail surface and track maintenance, drainage needs and requirements.
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