This set of VLSI Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Design Using CAD Tools”.
1. Physical verification tools in design process includes
a) circuit extractors
b) textual entry
c) graphical entry
Explanation: Physical verification tools in design process includes design rule checking, circuit extractors, ratio rule and other static checks.
2. Behavioral tools contains
a) graphical entry
b) design check
c) performance check
Explanation: Behavioral tools contains simulation at various levels. It will be required to check out the design before turning out the design in silicon.
3. Simulators are available for
a) transistor level logic
b) switch level logic
c) gate level logic
d) design level logic
Explanation: Simulators are available for switch level logic and timing simulation. This is used to check out the design.
4. Selection and placement is done using
Explanation: Selection and placement geometric shapes is done using some form of cursor and it may also allow selection of menu items.
5. Cursor position is controlled using
b) bitpad digitizer
c) mouse and bitpad digitizer
Explanation: Positioning of cursor may be affected from keyboard and cursor position is controlled from a bitpad digitizer or a mouse.
6. CIF code is a ______ layout language
a) mask level
b) floor level
c) design level
d) transistor level
Explanation: CIF is an example of mask level layout language, which are well suited to physical layout description but not for capturing the design intent.
7. Which verification capture’s teh design intent and not physical layout?
a) mask level layout language
b) transistor level layout language
c) circuit description language
d) switch level layout language
Explanation: Circuit description language where the primitives are circuit elements such as transistors, wires and nodes. It captures the design intent and not directly the physical layout.
8. All possible errors in mask layout can be eliminated after mask making proceeds.
Explanation: The cost in time and the facilities in mask-making is such that all the possible errors must be eliminated before mask making proceeds.
9. The nature of physical layout verification software depends on
a) absolute design rules
b) fixed layout
c) virtual grid layout
d) all of the mentioned
Explanation: The nature of physical layout verification design rule checking software depends on whether the design rules are absolute or lambda-based or on whether the or not the layout is on a fixed or virtual grid.
10. Which is used to interpret physical layout in circuit terms?
a) circuit converter
b) layout converter
c) circuit extractor
d) layout extractor
Explanation: Circuit extractor is used to convert the design information which is in the form of physical layout data to circuit terms.
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