C Program to Implement a Stack using Linked List

This C Program implement a stack using linked list. Stack is a type of queue that in practice is implemented as an area of memory that holds all local variables and parameters used by any function, and remembers the order in which functions are called so that function returns occur correctly. Each time a function is called, its local variables and parameters are “pushed onto” the stack. When the function returns,these locals and parameters are “popped.” Because of this, the size of a program’s stack fluctuates constantly as the program is running, but it has some maximum size. stack is as a last in, first out (LIFO) abstract data type and linear data structure. Linked list is a data structure consisting of a group of nodes which together represent a sequence. Here we need to apply the application of linkedlist to perform basic operations of stack.

Here is source code of the C Program to implement a stack using linked list. The C program is successfully compiled and run on a Linux system. The program output is also shown below.

/*
 * C Program to Implement a Stack using Linked List
 */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
 
struct node
{
    int info;
    struct node *ptr;
}*top,*top1,*temp;
 
int topelement();
void push(int data);
void pop();
void empty();
void display();
void destroy();
void stack_count();
void create();
 
int count = 0;
 
void main()
{
    int no, ch, e;
 
    printf("\n 1 - Push");
    printf("\n 2 - Pop");
    printf("\n 3 - Top");
    printf("\n 4 - Empty");
    printf("\n 5 - Exit");
    printf("\n 6 - Dipslay");
    printf("\n 7 - Stack Count");
    printf("\n 8 - Destroy stack");
 
    create();
 
    while (1)
    {
        printf("\n Enter choice : ");
        scanf("%d", &ch);
 
        switch (ch)
        {
        case 1:
            printf("Enter data : ");
            scanf("%d", &no);
            push(no);
            break;
        case 2:
            pop();
            break;
        case 3:
            if (top == NULL)
                printf("No elements in stack");
            else
            {
                e = topelement();
                printf("\n Top element : %d", e);
            }
            break;
        case 4:
            empty();
            break;
        case 5:
            exit(0);
        case 6:
            display();
            break;
        case 7:
            stack_count();
            break;
        case 8:
            destroy();
            break;
        default :
            printf(" Wrong choice, Please enter correct choice  ");
            break;
        }
    }
}
 
/* Create empty stack */
void create()
{
    top = NULL;
}
 
/* Count stack elements */
void stack_count()
{
    printf("\n No. of elements in stack : %d", count);
}
 
/* Push data into stack */
void push(int data)
{
    if (top == NULL)
    {
        top =(struct node *)malloc(1*sizeof(struct node));
        top->ptr = NULL;
        top->info = data;
    }
    else
    {
        temp =(struct node *)malloc(1*sizeof(struct node));
        temp->ptr = top;
        temp->info = data;
        top = temp;
    }
    count++;
}
 
/* Display stack elements */
void display()
{
    top1 = top;
 
    if (top1 == NULL)
    {
        printf("Stack is empty");
        return;
    }
 
    while (top1 != NULL)
    {
        printf("%d ", top1->info);
        top1 = top1->ptr;
    }
 }
 
/* Pop Operation on stack */
void pop()
{
    top1 = top;
 
    if (top1 == NULL)
    {
        printf("\n Error : Trying to pop from empty stack");
        return;
    }
    else
        top1 = top1->ptr;
    printf("\n Popped value : %d", top->info);
    free(top);
    top = top1;
    count--;
}
 
/* Return top element */
int topelement()
{
    return(top->info);
}
 
/* Check if stack is empty or not */
void empty()
{
    if (top == NULL)
        printf("\n Stack is empty");
    else
        printf("\n Stack is not empty with %d elements", count);
}
 
/* Destroy entire stack */
void destroy()
{
    top1 = top;
 
    while (top1 != NULL)
    {
        top1 = top->ptr;
        free(top);
        top = top1;
        top1 = top1->ptr;
    }
    free(top1);
    top = NULL;
 
    printf("\n All stack elements destroyed");
    count = 0;
}


$ cc pgm2.c
$ a.out
 
1 - Push
2 - Pop
3 - Top
4 - Empty
5 - Exit
6 - Dipslay
7 - Stack Count
8 - Destroy stack
Enter choice : 1
Enter data : 56
 
Enter choice : 1
Enter data : 80
 
Enter choice : 2
 
Popped value : 80
Enter choice : 3
 
Top element : 56
Enter choice : 1
Enter data : 78
 
Enter choice : 1
Enter data : 90
 
Enter choice : 6
90 78 56
Enter choice : 7
 
No. of elements in stack : 3
Enter choice : 8
 
All stack elements destroyed
Enter choice : 4
 
Stack is empty
Enter choice : 5

Sanfoundry Global Education & Learning Series – 1000 C Programs.

Here’s the list of Best Reference Books in C Programming, Data-Structures and Algorithms

If you wish to look at other example programs on Linked List, go to Linked List. If you wish to look at programming examples on all topics, go to C Programming Examples.
Subscribe Newsletter & Posts
About

Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 17+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He is Linux Kernel Developer and SAN Architect and is passionate about competency developments in these areas. He lives in Bangalore and delivers focused training sessions to IT professionals in Linux Kernel, Linux Debugging, Linux Device Drivers, Linux Networking, Linux Storage & Cluster Administration, Advanced C Programming, SAN Storage Technologies, SCSI Internals and Storage Protocols such as iSCSI & Fiber Channel. Stay connected with him below.


Sanfoundry Training Center of Excellence (CoE)

Manish Bhojasia, a technology veteran with 17+ years @ Cisco & Wipro, is Founder and CTO at Sanfoundry. He is Linux Kernel Developer and SAN Architect and is passionate about competency developments in these areas. He lives in Bangalore and delivers focused training sessions to IT professionals in Linux Kernel, Linux Debugging, Linux Device Drivers, Linux Networking, Linux Storage & Cluster Administration, Advanced C Programming, SAN Storage Technologies, SCSI Internals and Storage Protocols such as iSCSI & Fiber Channel. Stay connected with him below.

Subscribe Newsletter & Posts
Follow Manish & Sanfoundry