This C Program accepts the sorted array and does search using Binary search. Binary search is an algorithm for locating the position of an item in a sorted array. A search of sorted data, in which the middle position is examined first. Search continues with either the left or the right portion of the data, thus eliminating half of the remaining search space. In other words, a search which can be applied to an ordered linear list to progressively divide the possible scope of a search in half until the search object is found.

Here is source code of the C program to accept the sorted array and do Search using Binary Search. The C program is successfully compiled and run on a Linux system. The program output is also shown below.

`/*`

`* C program to accept N numbers sorted in ascending order`

`* and to search for a given number using binary search.`

`* Report success or failure.`

`*/`

`#include <stdio.h>`

void main()

`{`

int array[10];

int i, j, num, temp, keynum;

int low, mid, high;

printf("Enter the value of num \n");

scanf("%d", &num);

printf("Enter the elements one by one \n");

for (i = 0; i < num; i++)

`{`

scanf("%d", &array[i]);

`}`

printf("Input array elements \n");

for (i = 0; i < num; i++)

`{`

printf("%d\n", array[i]);

`}`

`/* Bubble sorting begins */`

for (i = 0; i < num; i++)

`{`

for (j = 0; j < (num - i - 1); j++)

`{`

if (array[j] > array[j + 1])

`{`

temp = array[j];

array[j] = array[j + 1];

array[j + 1] = temp;

`}`

`}`

`}`

printf("Sorted array is...\n");

for (i = 0; i < num; i++)

`{`

printf("%d\n", array[i]);

`}`

printf("Enter the element to be searched \n");

scanf("%d", &keynum);

`/* Binary searching begins */`

low = 1;

high = num;

`do`

`{`

mid = (low + high) / 2;

if (keynum < array[mid])

high = mid - 1;

else if (keynum > array[mid])

low = mid + 1;

} while (keynum != array[mid] && low <= high);

if (keynum == array[mid])

`{`

printf("SEARCH SUCCESSFUL \n");

`}`

`else`

`{`

printf("SEARCH FAILED \n");

`}`

`}`

$ cc pgm22.c $ a.out Enter the value of num 5 Enter the elements one by one 23 90 56 15 58 Input array elements 23 90 56 15 58 Sorted array is... 15 23 56 58 90 Enter the element to be searched 58 SEARCH SUCCESSFUL $ a.out Enter the value of num 4 Enter the elements one by one 1 98 65 45 Input array elements 1 98 65 45 Sorted array is... 1 45 65 98 Enter the element to be searched 6 SEARCH FAILED

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